Historical Orce

Historical Orce

05/05/2022 News 0

Fuente Nueva, where La Veranda is located, is close to the village of Orce.

The whole area has a large amount of history of interest, but little known.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Orce, Spain
View of Orce

View of Orce
Location of Orce

Location of Orce
Coordinates: 37°43′17″N 02°28′46″WCoordinates37°43′17″N 02°28′46″W
Country Spain
Province Granada
Municipality Orce

 • Total Area 324 km2 (125 sq mi)

928 m (3,045 ft)

 • Total 1,198
 • Density 3.7/km2 (9.6/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)

Orce is a municipality located in the province of Granada, in southeastern Spain. According to the 2009 census (INE), the city has a population of 1333 inhabitants.


Orce is the location of the paleo-archaeological sites known as Barranco LeónVenta Micena, and Fuente Nueva 3, near the basin of an ancient lake where fossils have been preserved in sediment. Josep Gibert of the M. Crusafont Institute in Sabadell has led an excavation team there. He asserts that the sites have Oldowan-style stone tools dating between 1.5 and 1.8 million years ago. If the early estimates are supported, these would represent the oldest stone tool finds in Europe.[2] Other scholars prefer a more conservative date for the stone tools of 1.2 million years.[3] Together with the hominid remains at the Atapuerca Mountains, the tools are evidence that human ancestors settled in western Europe more than one million years (Ma) ago.

Recent numerical dating studies using Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) method applied to fossil teeth and quartz grains have provided ages of ca. 1.2 Ma for Fuente Nueva 3, and ca. 1.4 Ma for Barranco León and Venta Micena.[4]


  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018National Statistics Institute.
  2. ^ Bower, Bruce (January 4, 1997). “Ancient Roads to Europe: African ancestors may have entered Europe surprisingly early”. Science News151 (1): 12–13. doi:10.2307/3980723JSTOR 3980723.
  3. ^ Balter, Michael (2001). “In Search of the First Europeans”. Science. New Series. 291 (5509): 1722–1725. doi:10.1126/science.291.5509.1722PMID 11249813S2CID 12954070.
  4. ^ Duval, Mathieu; Falguères, Christophe; Bahain, Jean-Jacques (July 2012). “Age of the oldest hominin settlements in Spain: Contribution of the combined U-series/ESR dating method applied to fossil teeth”. Quaternary Geochronology10: 412–417. doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2012.02.025hdl:10072/340136.

External links[edit]

Official site of the Village of Orce (in Spanish)


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